The weight on newborn babies is a factor really important; it can define how healthy your baby is.
Many factors influence a newborn baby weight low, normal, or high. A term newborn baby usually weighs between 3 and 4 kilos and measures between 19 and 21 inches. (The average weight of a newborn is 7 lb 8 lb. It is important for a pregnant woman to get prenatal care to follow the growth of her baby and take great care to increase her chances of having a healthy baby.
What is low birth weight?
A newborn baby weight less than 5 pounds and 8 ounces is known as a low birth weight baby. Children weighing less than 3 pounds and 5 ounces are classified as very low birth weight, while describing very low birth weight infants weighing less than 2 lb 3 oz, 10 percent of babies weigh less than 5 pounds and 8 ounces.
Causes of low birth weight
Not reaching full term and developmental problems in the uterus are the main reasons for low birth weight. Of all low birth weight babies, about 70 percent are born preterm or before 37 weeks. That low newborn baby weight, whether full term or because the development in uterus had deteriorated.
Factors that increase the risk of a low birth weight baby include: having several babies at the same time; Use of drugs and alcohol; Smoking habit; stress; abuse; Exposure to hazardous substances; fatigue; Insufficient nutrition; After spontaneous abortions or premature births; Bladder or vaginal infections; And the mother’s age when she becomes pregnant (a woman who is younger than 20 or older than 45 has a higher risk.
What is high birth weight?
Macrosomia, which means “a lot of mass”, is the term for a child with an abnormally high weight. Macrosomia is defined as a newborn baby weight, greater than or equal to 8 lb 13 oz at birth for infants or over 9 pounds and is called “large for your gestational age.”
Approximately 10 percent of newborn babies weigh more than 8 pounds 13 ounces at birth. The majority of babies born with an LGA are between 37 and 41 weeks of pregnancy.
Causes of high weight
Medical problems such as gestational diabetes, size (especially if heavy), mother or genetics can lead to LGA. Excess weight of the mother during pregnancy and obesity (even before pregnancy) are also risk factors for macrosomia.
The incidence of macrosomia increases in pregnancies that go beyond 40 weeks. A woman who gave birth to an LGA newborn baby in the past is 5 to 10 times more likely to give birth to an LGA newborn baby weight. A woman who gave birth to two or more newborn babies in the past often has a greater risk for her baby to be born with LGA. Ethnicity was found to be an important factor. In Latin America, studies have shown that women who are at greater risk for their children are born in overweight are white women far above African American or Asian women.