Newborn baby bath

Baby bath

Experts recommend that the first newborn baby bath should be only with sponge or cotton cloth moistened with warm water, wiping face, behind the ears, folds of the neck and armpits and the entire diaper area. Likewise, the use of soap is not essential, although if desired, it can be used a little in liquid presentation with neutral pH.

The bath tub or by immersion in warm water for the baby should be done once the remnants of the umbilical cord have come off and the navel has healed completely and healthy.

Sponge bath for the baby, step by step 

This is the way to keep the newborn baby bath clean during the first 2 to 3 weeks of life, especially to avoid wetting the area of ​​the umbilical cord, which is in the process of healing. Here is a step-by-step procedure for sponge bathing for the newborn: Gather all the necessary utensils and materials before starting the bath:

– Bath sponge or cotton cloth

– Ointment (petroleum jelly)

– Warm water

– Towel

– Cotton Compresses

– A clean change of clothes

– Baby shower mat

– Clean diaper

– Alcohol

– Sterile gauze

• Prepare a small bowl of warm water.

• Lay the newborn on a baby’s cushion, either on the changing table or on the bed.

• Keep your baby clothed only with a towel or light cotton blanket to prevent excessive cooling during bathing.

• Clean your baby from head to toe through the sponge or cotton cloth, moistened in warm water. Wash one part of the body at a time, without rubbing too much the delicate skin of the little one; Dry and continues.

• Use two wet cotton swabs, only in water, to clean your eyes (one for each eye); Wiping out from the end closest to the nose.

• Cleans the groin area; Always from your genitals to the anus.

• Uses cotton swab soaked in alcohol to clean the healing of the navel, especially at the base of the wound; Dry very well.

• If your baby has been circumcised, keep the wound moisturized and protected from the urine by covering it with a gauze or cotton swab.

• Avoid wetting your baby’s penis or umbilical scar until it has healed.

• Cover the baby in the towel immediately after this process, to avoid exposing too much to the cold, and to suffer a cold.

• Remember that the newborn baby bath should be short, lasting approximately 15 to 20 minutes.

In order to avoid infections and further complications that could expose the umbilical wound to the moisture provided by a bath, it should be performed up to 4 weeks after the baby’s navel has completely healed.

To carry out this type of newborn baby’s toilet should be used a newborn baby bath tub, with anti-slip device or support for newborn and liquid soap, bath gel or body shampoo with neutral pH, for the child’s special use.

It should also be brief, with warm water in room with pleasant temperature and free of drafts. It is recommended to wash the newborn baby’s head first and then keep it dry to prevent it from starting to trite by cooling.

Newborn baby a bit yellow

Baby a bit yellow

Jaundice or yellow color in the newborn baby is a picture characterized by the presence of a yellowish color in the newborn and that can be seen in the first days of life and under certain conditions. It happens almost in the middle of the term newborns, being even more frequent to see it in the preterm ones, although in these one must be more closely watched. It is more common in males and newborn baby yellow with a family history of jaundice.

Jaundice occurs as a result of increased blood bilirubin levels. This is because at birth there is a normal breakdown of red blood cells, the red blood cells that contain the bilirubin. In addition, the liver captures this bilirubin less efficiently in order to transform and eliminate it. That is why the numbers of bilirubin, a substance that produces the familiar yellowish color of the eyes and the skin, increase. The problem is that this bilirubin can be harmful to the brain of the newborn under certain conditions.

In severe and uncontrolled cases, brain damage, called kernicterus, can be caused by the passage of bilirubin into the brain, since the membrane that protects it precisely from this and other substances are still immature. If this picture is present, the newborn baby may have severe involvement, with strange movements and even convulsions, which can degenerate into brain damage. It is a very rare picture but one that must always be prevented.

In mild cases the treatment is based on a series of very simple recommendations, such as the newborn baby yellow exposure to sunlight. The effectiveness of this measure has been discussed but if it is recommended, it is important to take care that the sunlight is not too direct or that it puts the newborn baby at risk of dehydration, especially in summer. The use of indirect and intermittent sunlight is recommended.

It is also not proven that giving more water to the newborn baby yellow helps control the numbers of bilirubin. In any case it is not a bad measure if the child is going to be more exposed to the sun, to avoid the risk of dehydration, but always with moderate amounts and without forcing the newborn baby. The pediatrician should be consulted if these actions are to be carried out and how to do them, never to do them on their own.

In moderate cases, at greater risk, the pediatrician will closely monitor the newborn baby very closely, to assess whether it can continue to be controlled on an outpatient basis or requires admission. Severe cases are subsidiary to admission to the hospital for treatment, although this is rare. In these cases the treatment is performed with phototherapy with special lamps and sometimes through exchange transfusion, a technique that consists of extracting part of the child’s blood to replace it with blood from the blood bank, in order to lower the numbers of bilirubin.

Jaundice produced by breastfeeding has a more controversial treatment, as it might be recommended to discontinue breastfeeding, at least temporarily. But this is only recommended in severe cases, so that most can continue to breastfeed. In any case this decision should always be consulted with a health professional.

Newborn babies in summer

Babies in summer

Newborn babies are especially sensitive to temperature changes. This summer, take measures so that the heat does not affect to your baby’s health and that you avoid the headaches with trips to the pediatrician by some mistake or ignorance.

The thermoregulatory system of newborn babies has not developed yet properly when they come into the world, making them vulnerable to cold and heat. But, tranquility, because in only two or three days will have matured.

In the first hours of life 

At birth, the baby does not produce heat and is very easy to lose. A newborn baby does not have the capacity to contract the muscles, to shiver, and also does not have an active metabolism that provokes those chemical reactions. In addition, their body surface exposed to the environment is high. Therefore, he tends to curl up so as not to expose to the air the central part of its body, the gut, the abdomen, etc. 

Another mechanism to prevent heat loss is vasoconstriction, which is to send less blood to the skin. But this mechanism is also not mature in newborn babies, so they depend on the attentions provided by adults. Your child needs more shelter than an older child, especially if it is a newborn baby premature. It will suffice to put one more layer of clothing that an adult puts on.

Some advices

These simple measures will help you avoid overheating.

Maintain an ambient temperature in the house between 21 ºC and 23 ºC and take advantage of the fresh hours of the day and avoiding the central ones.

If the newborn baby is exclusively breastfeeding, you have to breastfeed on demand. You can also give him some water. Sweat helps regulate the temperature, and an infant sweats more if his or her body has water availability.

Try to dress the baby in comfortable clothes, not dress with sweaters that can give even more heat and make him feel uncomfortable; ideally the baby should wear light cotton clothes so he could feel comfortable.

Always check the diaper area, with the heat, remember that the diaper is thermal and that the baby can suffer from irritation by it.

If there is a lot of wind, try not to get the baby out. The baby can have sunbathe but do it maximum 30 minutes in the morning.

Do not forget that in summer it can also cool. Avoid long baths in the sea or in the pool.

Here are some other tips for you to be aware of:

The newborn baby should have a temperature between 35.5 ° C and 37 ° C. If he exceeds that number and also shows tremor, irritability, lethargy or numbness, and has the face more red than normal, your child has an excess of heat. Remove some clothing and take it to a cool place. If, when doing so, he / she remains decayed, little reactive, and with a high temperature, you have to take him to the doctor. He will value whether it is a feverish peak due to some viral or bacterial process, or a heat stroke.

Newborn babies eyes

Babies eyes

Just born, one of the first things parents look at is the newborn babies eyes color. They have a bluish-gray color, but the color is likely to vary over the months to have its final color.

Newborn babies with brown eyes will either remain that color or turn black, but newborn babies eyeswhose color is indefinite (they may look gray or light blue or dark blue) will begin to be defined between six months and the year.

Why does the color of the newborn babies eyes change?

It is not that the color of eyes changes, but it is defined. The iris is the colored part of the eye and melanin is the substance responsible for giving color to the iris, as well as to the skin and hair. In the newborn baby, melanin-producing cells are still immature and are producing melanin gradually coloring the eyes as the newborn baby grows and the cells mature. That is why the newborn babies eyes may be blue but at six months they are black.

There is no precise rule about the color of eyes that the baby will have depending on the color with which they are born; Depends on the genetic inheritance of each person inherited from their parents. There is also no genetic law that indicates what color of eyes the baby will have depending on the color of the parents. Although there are greater or lesser probabilities, the genetics are very capricious. The same parents have both brown eyes and the baby could be born with tremendous blue eyes.

Also keep in mind that eye color is linked to skin color and race and there is a tendency for dark eyes to dominate over the clear. However, if there is a strong genetic tendency in the family to have clear eyes, it is very likely that the baby will also inherit them.

When to define eye color in newborn babies?

There is also no generalized rule about when the baby acquires its true or definite eye color. It is a process that occurs in each baby individually, such as the rate at which your hair grows, for example. In some babies, the color of eyes they have at six months is the same color they will have for the rest of their lives, while in others they do not. In some the color defines five months while in others just a year or more.

What I mean is that in some children the color is not defined until the year or even the two years. Much depends on the family’s inheritance and the color of the baby’s skin. Light skin with little melanin is related to light eyes (blue, gray or green), while skin with a lot of melanin is related to dark eyes (brown or black).

The generality is after five or six months that they start to define the eye color and that around two years and their final color. However, although the base color will not change, can still be modified slightly in intensity and shades.

Newborn babies and pets

Babies and pets

Many people still have the belief that dogs, cats, birds and other pets are harmful to the newborn baby since it is in the womb and even more so when he is at home living with them directly.

There are diseases that have stigmatized cats such as toxoplasmosis and others that border the owner to get rid of his cat and start a chain of neglect that usually ends very badly for the cat, the dog is not saved from this.

It has been believed for years that dog or cat hairs, even feathers of a bird, can cause problems in the pregnant and therefore in the newborn baby, unless an allergy to these species has been demonstrated, this is unlikely. Allergies are not directly to hairs or feathers, they are in the proteins found in saliva, dandruff (skin flaking) or urine of an animal.

The hairs of the dog and the cat, because of the diameter and length they have, is very difficult to be inhaled and taken to the lungs and cause disease. What can get to the lungs are dried and pulverized feces that are not collected for a long time and their remains can be inhaled, but this can easily be avoided by maintaining good hygiene. So during pregnancy, if you maintain good hygiene, the newborn baby is not endangered by your pets.

Once your newborn baby comes home, you have to keep some things in mind:

Your pet:

You may feel jealous of the newcomer. That’s why we must prepare it from months before the birth so that the changes do not turn abrupt, newborn baby sounds, stroll with the stroller, etc.

It is important for the parent or another person to be more concerned about the animal because the mother will have less time when the newborn baby arrives.

If the pet sleeps in your room and wish to change it to another room when the newborn arrives, we must get accustomed to the new place.

You should allow the dog to smell your baby’s used clothes first, and then to smell your baby covering his face (the baby’s immune system will not yet fully mature), the approach must be progressive so the dog becomes familiar with the baby.

Some veterinarians skilled in canine behavior suggest that several months before the date of delivery arrives; You should “play” with a doll, pretending to have a baby so your dog will acclimatize to the new family dynamics. The newborn baby pets will notice when you change the baby, feed him, sing him, and lie down to sleep. 

Once installed at home, we recommend not leaving your dog or cat alone with the baby, at least for the first few months since, as they are still being known, their behavior can be unpredictable, we do not recommend that you sleep in your crib with the baby, as they can scratch or crush him accidentally.

As your newborn baby grow it is important to keep them in constant observation because the baby can hurt the pet and incite him with his behavior to have a violent reaction in self defense, to avoid bites and scratches should be taught both, the animal and the baby to respect each other from the beginning.

Milk Allergies in newborn babies

Milk Allergies

Newborn babies, because they have a premature immune system, can have allergies to many things. Also because some components, the newborn baby may be allergic to breast milk as to formula milk that we buy in supermarkets.

People who are allergic to cow’s milk react to one or more of the proteins present in milk. The curd, the substance that forms the solid part of the cut milk, contains 80% of the milk proteins, including several called caseins. The watery part of the milk, contains the remaining 20%. A person may be allergic to the proteins in one or both parts of the milk, but the serum is responsible for most problems.

Milk protein allergy usually occurs for the first time when newborn babies receive a formula made from cow’s milk or when, through breast milk, they are exposed to the cow’s milk taken by the mother. Between 2% and 3% of newborn babies and young children are affected by allergy to milk.

People often confuse milk allergy with lactose intolerance, but they are different problems. What are some of the differences?

• Milk allergy is a reaction of the immune system to the proteins present in milk and dairy products; In contrast, lactose intolerance is caused by the body’s inability to break down lactose, which is milk sugar.

• Signs and symptoms of a milk allergy often appear during lactation, while lactose intolerance is uncommon in the first few years of life.

• Milk allergy can affect the digestive system as well as other systems in the body, such as the skin and respiratory tract; Lactose intolerance affects digestion only, causing bloating, or bowel movements that are not consistent after drinking milk or ingesting dairy products.

• In rare cases, newborn baby allergy to milk can be life threatening; Lactose intolerance is not life-threatening and people with this intolerance can often consume small amounts of milk without any symptoms.

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms of newborn baby allergy to milk can occur in a matter of minutes (called an immediate response) or several hours after ingesting something that contains milk proteins (late response). Symptoms may range from runny nose (rinorrhea), urticaria (skin rashes that cause itching), facial swelling (angioedema), cough, wheezing, irritability, vomiting, diarrhea and eczema (scaly rash with itching), in some cases hypo, Irritation in character, gas, gall in the diaper area or armpits.

Some newborn baby allergy to milk affected by the immediate reaction may have a sudden and potentially serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis which affects several body systems (for example: skin, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract and cardiovascular system). 

Non-dairy products may contain casein. You should avoid processed food. Check labels to tell if they bring traces of milk and avoid these foods.

Cow’s milk contains more than 40 proteins and they can all act as antigens in humans. The main allergens are beta-lactam globulin, casein, alpha lactobumin and seroalbumin. The first is a protein that does not exist in the human species and is found in breast milk in minimal amounts (mcg) due to the dairy intake of the mother. These small amounts are responsible for the increased number of sensitizations to this protein.

How to decorate my newborn baby’s room

Baby’s room

There are many things you need to know before you immerse yourself in decorating your newborn baby room. Did you know, for example, that the colors on the walls influence your newborn baby behavior? And that the decoration does not have to be yellow, blue and red so your child is more awake?

Usually mothers choose the clothing of the cradle or the edge with a motif or design that inspires the rest of accessories of the room. Therefore, if parents choose pastels or primary colors, the goal is to create a harmonious environment in which everyone feels comfortable, not just the baby.

What color to choose?

Painting is an integral and economical part of the decorative process. Often the colors go with the rest of the scenes or schemes of the house, but they can also be a fun “break” in the house. Research shows that black and white are the first colors a baby recognizes, followed by primary colors (red, yellow and blue) and large shapes.

The brighter colors stimulate creativity and curiosity in the newborn baby room. But this does not mean that parents have to use them in everything. Adding them to details and accessories is enough. To choose the appropriate color of the walls you must consider the values that they promote, such as:

 Blue: Calm and serenity.

Purple or pink: Gentleness and charm.

Green: Natural and tranquilizer.

Yellow: Happy and sunny.

Red: Warm

A crib is more than a crib

When choosing a newborn baby crib you should consider the safety of the baby, as it is the place where you spend the most time and where most accidents occur. So make sure the crib has the following:

A mattress that fits well and perfectly, so the newborn baby cannot get caught in any way between the crib and the mattress.

Be careful with nuts, brackets and screws: make sure they are not loose or completely loose.

Check that the newborn baby crib bars do not have a space more than 2.30 inches (the width of a can of fizzy drink) so that the newborn baby body does not fit between them.

Also make sure they are not broken. No newborn baby crib design should include cuts or hollowed figures in the headboard where the child’s head can fit.

The corners of the cradle corners must not overlap in the upper part so, the baby’s clothing is snagged and the baby is in danger of being strangled.

Inspirational motifs 

There are a wide range of motifs, designs and themes available today so parents can really use their personal taste as a guide. More and more parents are choosing sophisticated designs and colors that often go with the rest of the house.

Among the items that you should consider include in the decoration are:

  • Blankets
  • Decorative wall strip
  • Cushion protector crib
  • Join our community:
  • Wooden picture frames (or according to the grounds) 
  • Decorative Photo Album
  • Lamp
  • Musical bubble
  • Curtains
  • Wall organizer
  • Sideboard Corral 

Light blue, brown or green plaid designs; Soft pastels and modern prints of bears and animals are the trends that take the most to decorate the newborn baby room.

How to breastfeeding my newborn baby

This is the first point that every mother can worry about, newborn baby breastfeeding. There are a number of common comments on this subject that raise a lot of questions about breastfeeding. The advantages and disadvantages, and even greater the guilt to which some women are subject to not being able to do it.

Certainly breast milk is the food that should allow the baby to develop healthy, at least the first three months of the newborn baby’s life, and extend it to six months. In addition to creating a strong bond between the mother and the newborn baby, it is the amount of defenses that it provides the baby against possible viruses. Although it is also true that there are women who cannot do it or do not want it and are in their right, there is artificial breast milk on the market, which does not have the aforementioned goods, but also allows the baby to grow healthy. Having said all this, do not change the doubts that arise when feeding it.

Does your baby cry because he is hungry?

Of course not, the way you should determine if your newborn baby is hungry is to know what time he/she ate the last time, usually if you gave him both breasts for 45 minutes or 1 hour, and he stayed asleep and does not suck more, is a sign that he is satisfied, and from that moment he has three more hours to return to breastfeed.

Should I wake him every three hours to feed him?

Not necessarily, as long as they are in a normal environment, they usually sleep at least two hours and three or four at most, usually a newborn baby sleeps throughout the day from 14 hours to 18, simply because the hours they will be awake he will grow and get stimulated. 

Feeding of the mother in lactation

You must have a food that is most balanced, eat everything at the right time, so as not to create anxiety in you; What you should avoid not to create in appetence, because it can change the taste of milk, are spices and garlic, otherwise all the food you consume you derive to him, all the level of vitamins and proteins needed for growth and development.

Does the newborn baby breastfeeding always take the same amount of milk?

Breast milk is usually less heavy than artificial milk, in most cases the manufacturer indicates the amount you should prepare by age and weight, you should guide it; And if you are a mother in a bottle, as mentioned above when breastfeeding almost always when they are satisfied stop sucking, you should get a fair amount in a small bottle of 60 cl. To 90 cl., And let him take as long as he totally stops sucking, it may be because he has fallen asleep or simply does not suck more.

Can the baby sleep without burping?

Usually it is the most time consuming during the moment of eating, because they fall asleep or do not find the way to put it to expel them. You should not lie down immediately, relax and put it in position like this between your chest and on the arm, smoothly pass the hand from bottom to top on his back, not tapping, just pass the hand, surely this would stimulate belching, This for about fifteen minutes, then lie down asleep, face up with a small side resting, with a small blanket you can do, and thus prevent drowning.

How much should my baby weight

Baby weight

The weight on newborn babies is a factor really important; it can define how healthy your baby is. 

Many factors influence a newborn baby weight low, normal, or high. A term newborn baby usually weighs between 3 and 4 kilos and measures between 19 and 21 inches. (The average weight of a newborn is 7 lb 8 lb. It is important for a pregnant woman to get prenatal care to follow the growth of her baby and take great care to increase her chances of having a healthy baby.

What is low birth weight?

newborn baby weight less than 5 pounds and 8 ounces is known as a low birth weight baby. Children weighing less than 3 pounds and 5 ounces are classified as very low birth weight, while describing very low birth weight infants weighing less than 2 lb 3 oz, 10 percent of babies weigh less than 5 pounds and 8 ounces.

Causes of low birth weight

Not reaching full term and developmental problems in the uterus are the main reasons for low birth weight. Of all low birth weight babies, about 70 percent are born preterm or before 37 weeks. That low newborn baby weight, whether full term or because the development in uterus had deteriorated.

Factors that increase the risk of a low birth weight baby include: having several babies at the same time; Use of drugs and alcohol; Smoking habit; stress; abuse; Exposure to hazardous substances; fatigue; Insufficient nutrition; After spontaneous abortions or premature births; Bladder or vaginal infections; And the mother’s age when she becomes pregnant (a woman who is younger than 20 or older than 45 has a higher risk.

What is high birth weight?

Macrosomia, which means “a lot of mass”, is the term for a child with an abnormally high weight. Macrosomia is defined as a newborn baby weight, greater than or equal to 8 lb 13 oz at birth for infants or over 9 pounds and is called “large for your gestational age.”

Approximately 10 percent of newborn babies weigh more than 8 pounds 13 ounces at birth. The majority of babies born with an LGA are between 37 and 41 weeks of pregnancy.

Causes of high weight

Medical problems such as gestational diabetes, size (especially if heavy), mother or genetics can lead to LGA. Excess weight of the mother during pregnancy and obesity (even before pregnancy) are also risk factors for macrosomia.

The incidence of macrosomia increases in pregnancies that go beyond 40 weeks. A woman who gave birth to an LGA newborn baby in the past is 5 to 10 times more likely to give birth to an LGA newborn baby weight. A woman who gave birth to two or more newborn babies in the past often has a greater risk for her baby to be born with LGA. Ethnicity was found to be an important factor. In Latin America, studies have shown that women who are at greater risk for their children are born in overweight are white women far above African American or Asian women.