Fever is the rise in body temperature above normal numbers. To measure it, we need to use a thermometer. Fever has many causes, and an evaluation of the presence of other symptoms can help us determine the disease that affects our newborn baby.
Fever can be helpful in helping the body fight infection. Some experts believe that reducing fever can prolong some disorders or possibly interfere with the immune system’s response to infection. Thus, although the fever is uncomfortable, it does not always require treatment in otherwise healthy newborn babies. However, in newborn babies fever with diseases of the lungs, heart, or brain, fever can cause problems because it increases demands on the body (for example, by increasing heart rate). Therefore the reduction of temperature in these newborn babies fever is important.
Infants with a fever are usually irritable and do not sleep or eat well. Some newborn baby loses interest in the game. In general, the higher the fever, the more irritable and disinterested the child is. However, newborn babies with a high fever sometimes look surprisingly good. Sometimes they may have seizures when their temperature rises or falls quickly. At other times, the fever becomes so high that children become apathetic, drowsy, and unresponsive.
It is advisable to carry out the temperature measurement with the newborn baby fever at rest (feeding and exercise can increase the temperature).
The normal measurement is from 36.7º C to 37º C by the axillary route. In infants younger than 2 years, the temperature should be measured rectally and considered normal up to 37.8 ° C. Normal temperature varies with age. The temperature measured in the morning can be 0.2 ° C less than in the afternoon.
Fever can be treated by:
• The use of physical measures to increase temperature loss, such as decreasing the newborn baby ‘s clothing, putting compresses of warm water or put in a bath of warm water for more than 20 minutes and remove them when the chill begins.
• Give plenty of fluids.
• The administration of antipyretic drugs. In the smallest the indication is Paracetamol in drops (Mejoral, etc). But always consult your doctor regarding the doses and the medicine to be indicated.
When to go to the pediatrician?
If the picture persists we must consider the possibility of going to the pediatrician especially in case of:
• In newborns with any temperature greater than 37.8 ° C axillary.
• In newborn babies older than 2 months with continuous temperature and greater than 38.5º C rectal, with associated signs of disease.
• In newborn babies of any age if the temperature is higher than 40º C.
• In newborn babies with continuous temperature that does not give way after two days of antipyretics. • Red spots on the skin.
• Irritability and excessive crying.
• Impaired consciousness (confusion and drowsiness).
• Difficulty breathing.
• Severe headache.
• Less than 3 months old.