During a certain period after birth, newborn babies have immunity against many diseases thanks to the antibodies they receive through breast milk. However, this immunity disappears within the first year of life. From that moment, it is necessary that they receive vaccines to be protected and to avoid the contagion of diseases. In addition to the annual flu vaccine, doctors recommend get newborn baby vaccinations against several other illnesses. Below is a list of recommended vaccines for infants and toddlers.
There are several vaccines recommended for infants and young children (0 to 24 months of age).
- HepB: protects against hepatitis B (liver infection)
- DTaP: protects against diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough (convulsive cough)
- Hib: protects against Haemophilus influenzae type B bacteria
- PCV: protects against pneumococcal disease
- IPV: protects against poliomyelitis
- RV: protects against rotavirus
- Flu vaccine: protects against the flu; Is a seasonal vaccine
- MMR: protects against measles, mumps and rubella (German measles)
- Varicella vaccine: protects against chickenpox
- HepA: protects against hepatitis A
When is it necessary the newborn baby vaccinations?
These newborn baby vaccinations do not apply as soon as the newborn baby is born, but during the first 24 months of life and some of them are administered in several stages. It is not necessary to remember the newborn baby vaccination schedule as the pediatrician will guide you through the process and will send you reminders when it is time to administer the next vaccines. The recommended scheme is as follows:
Newborn baby vaccinations
HepB: This vaccine offers protection against hepatitis B, a liver infection, and is recommended for newborn babies and children up to 18 years. It is administered in three stages, preferably during the course of six months; Although, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) vaccination scheme, the third dose should be received between 6 and 18 months of age. It is recommended that infants receive the first dose as soon as they are born; Most states require children to receive the hepatitis B vaccine before entering school.
At 2 months
HepB: It is recommended that infants receive the second dose between the first and second month of life.
DTaP: DTaP vaccine protects the body against the following diseases: diphtheria, tetanus (blockage of the jaw) and whooping cough (convulsive cough). CDC recommends that children be given five doses of this vaccine at specific ages after 2 months of life. The second dose should be applied at 4 months; The third, at 6 months; The fourth, between 15 and 18 months; And the fifth and last, between 4 and 6 years of age. DTaP is not approved for older children, adolescents or adults.
Tdap: To be protected later, you should receive a dose of the Tdap vaccine between the ages of 11 and 18 (preferably at age 11 or 12) and then a second dose between the ages of 19 and 64. After the initial dose, it is recommended to receive a booster every 10 years or, in some cases, after exposure to tetanus. For several years, the booster doses consist of a dose of Td (which only protects against tetanus and diphtheria). However, according to recent scientific evidence, there is an increase in whooping cough because the vaccine has lost effectiveness in adults. For this reason, some medical professionals recommend a full Tdap booster every 10 years.